Venous Stasis Ulcers
Venous Stasis Ulcers are wounds or open sores in the lower extremities, which are slow to heal and often recur. They affect over 500,000 people in the United States and account for approximately 75% of all leg ulcers. They are typically associated with untreated venous insufficiency or may be a complication of post-thrombotic syndrome (blood clots). The patient may suffer from pain, infection and disfigurement. Treatment of the underlying venous problem is critical to successfully closing the ulcer. Now, recent advances in minimally invasive vein treatment offer long lasting cures without the need for endless wraps, lotions, compression stockings and Unna boots. Because of the difficulty in healing ulcers and their propensity to recur, venous ulcers should be prevented at all cost, and should be evaluated immediately. A duplex ultrasound test will be utilized to establish the presence of reflux (abnormal blood flow) in the veins, which distinguishes venous stasis ulcers from other types (ischemic and diabetic).
Chronic Venous Insufficiency
While venous insufficiency is defined as venous reflux (backflow) resulting from broken venous valves, Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI) is a more advanced vein condition where damage is being caused to the skin. Just as smoking damages the lungs, varicose veins over years can damage the skin, resulting in discoloration, changes in skin texture, and even venous skin ulcers. A combination of endovenous laser ablation, ambulatory phlebectomy and endovenous chemical ablation may be used to treat the diseased veins. It’s important to seek vein treatment sooner, rather than later, to prevent the development of Chronic Venous Insufficiency.
Deep Vein Thrombosis
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a common but serious medical condition that occurs in approximately 2 million Americans each year. A DVT is a blood clot in one of the deep veins of the leg. While this can cause significant local symptoms, the greatest concern is the possibility of the clot loosening and travelling to the lungs, which is known as Pulmonary Embolism, and can be fatal. Risk factors for DVT include prior DVT, family history of DVT, prolonged bed rest, surgery, pregnancy, limb immobilization, chronic lung disease, and autoimmune diseases. Only about half of people with DVT experience symptoms, which can include pain, swelling, tenderness, discoloration in affected area and skin that is warm to the touch. The condition must be diagnosed via a duplex venous ultrasound. Most DVTs are managed with a combination of anticoagulation medications, compression stockings and walking.